Paper-based point-of-care testing in disease diagnostics

Abstract Further advances in the design of paper-based platforms due to new technologies coupled to fabrication optimization will continue to embolden their integration as instruments to understand a wide arrayof global problems currently impacting mankind. Clinical diagnostics play an important role in healthcare in both developed and underdeveloped countries. The incidence rate of communicable and noncommunicable diseases including cancer, cardiovascular and diabetes is much higher in the developing world than in the developed world. According to the WHO, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) caused about 31% of global deaths in 2013 with 20% occurring before the age of 60 [1]. The mortality...

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