Bioanalysis Zone

Measurement of hepcidin isoforms in human serum by liquid chromatography with high resolution mass spectrometry



Aim: Hepcidin-25 is the master regulator of iron homeostasis. N-truncated isoforms of hepcidin-25 have been identified (hepcidin-20, -22, -24), although data on the concentrations of these isoforms are sparse. Materials & methods: Serum was mixed with aqueous formic acid, and the supernatant loaded onto a 96-well-SPE-plate. Eluted analytes were analyzed using LC–HR-MS. Forty-seven paired dipotassium-EDTA human plasma and serum samples were analyzed. Results: The LLOQ was 1 μg/l (all analytes). Accuracy and precision were acceptable. There was a good correlation (R2 >0.90, all analytes) between matrices. The median (range) serum hepcidin-20, -22, -24 and -25 concentrations measured were 4 (1–40), 8 (2–20), 8 (1–50) and 39 (1–334) μg/l, respectively. Conclusion: LC–HR-MS is widely applicable to the measurement of hepcidin-25, and truncated isoforms.

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