What is coronavirus?
The coronavirus currently circulating (SARS-CoV-2 – the disease is termed COVID-19) emerged in December 2019 (in Wuhan, China) and is reported to spread mainly through person-to-person contact via respiratory droplets or through contaminated surfaces. Importantly, it has been reported that the virus could transmit even before the virus-positive individual shows symptoms . As of 11 March 2020, COVID-19 was characterized as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) with new cases reported globally. With the increase in confirmed cases, researchers across the world are working together to find a low-cost easy-access protocol for early detection and a vaccine for protection.