Bioanalysis Zone

Direct infusion ESI–MS analysis for metabolite profiling of human plasma using various fractionation techniques

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Background: Metabolomics is a real challenge owing to the complexity and chemical heterogeneity of biological samples. In this study, a comparative analysis of metabolite profiling using ten metabolite extraction techniques were investigated on a pooled plasma sample followed by direct infusion ESI–MS analysis on both positive and negative modes. Methodology & Results: Metabolites from a pooled sample of 50 healthy volunteers were separated one- and two-dimensionally utilizing solvent precipitation, solid-phase extraction and molecular weight fractionation. Numbers of unique metabolites that are specific to a particular sample preparation approach were also identified by online available database, Metlin. The 1H NMR study of different extraction procedures were also recorded to elaborate the comparative profiling of the various fractionation procedures. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the metabolite extraction procedures based on 1- and 2-dimensions, followed by direct infusion ESI–MS analysis were able to detect endogenous metabolites belonging to different chemical classes.

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