Bioanalysis Zone

Advances in high-resolution MS and hepatocyte models solve a long-standing metabolism challenge: the loratadine story

0

Background: Loratadine (LOR, Claritin®) is a long-acting antihistamine used to treat allergic rhinitis. The major active human metabolite, desloratadine (DL, Clarinex®), is extensively metabolized to 3-hydroxydesloratadine (3-OH-DL) (M40) and subsequently glucuronidated before elimination. This study revealed the ability of a novel, long-term hepatocyte micropatterned co-culture (MPCC) model to generate in vivo metabolites. Metabolites were detected and characterized using non-targeted MS/MSALL with SWATH™ acquisition by a UHPLC-Q-TOF system. Results & methodology: Human MPCCs extensively metabolized LOR and formed 3-OH-DL-glucuronide (M13). Cross-species comparisons revealed monkey- and rat-specific metabolites with gender-specific DL-pyridine-N-oxide formation in male rats. These results demonstrate a first for an in vitro hepatocyte model to generate circulating metabolites of LOR and detect species-specific differences. Early focus on human metabolites could have spared characterization of nonhuman metabolites in preclinical species.

To view restricted content, please:
Share:

Leave A Comment

Please wait...

Bioanalysis Zone New Investigator Award

Why not start this year by doing something good by nominating an early career scientist for the Bioanalysis Zone New Investigator Award. Complete the details below to register your interest!